Baltic Sea Region Territorial Monitoring System

Migration - Policy context

The period of relative economic slowdown put to the forefront of policy discussion an issue of inefficiency of public spending and policy failures. One of the remedies is policy territorialisation i.e. adjustment of policies to regional specificities and potential. Territorialisation of policies requires their differentiation in space and in the same time more profound consideration of unmovable development assets (territorial capital) such as institutional tissue, economies of agglomeration, functional regions etc. Thus it is necessary to bridge territorial approach with sectoral decision making realm. Territorial measurement is one of key vehicles for that. There are several policies that benefit from such approach such as: education policy, innovation policy, demographic policy, environmental policy, labour market policy, transport policy and some others.
For instance out-migration (described by us more in depth) is one of the key policy concerns of many BSR countries in particular in the South-Eastern part of the region. The up to date knowledge on its territorial patterns should guide policy decisions in many types of public policies. It will influence development in space of services of general public interest such as education, culture amenities, health care, social welfare, science parks and many others. It is of key importance for maintaining and developing transport infrastructure, ITC, transmission grinds and for providing several other public goods and services. Local, regional and national governments should start preparing in advance remedies for regions with dissolving economies of agglomeration and suffering from low economic density whereas in in-migration areas the measures alleviating diseconomies of scale should be foreseen simultaneously.

People migrate to places where they can find work and housing, get an education, or where the quality of life is perceived as high. Cultural or social connections do also play a significant part in migration. Owing to its broad encompassment of several socioeconomic or cultural phenomena, migration is also one of the traditional indicators examined in assessing regional polarisation and it is often also used as measurement of regional attractivity or lack thereof. The specific indicator of net migration is included as an official indicator for the EU Sustainable Development Strategy as well as in the ESPON project INTERCO.